Rabbi Mizrachi shiva assar betamuz
17th of Tammuz
The fast of Tammuz, according to Rabbi Akiva's interpretation, is the fast mentioned in the Book of Zechariah as "the fast of the fourth [month]" (Zechariah 8:19).
According to the Mishnah, five calamities befell the Jewish people on this day:
Moses broke the two tablets of stone on Mount Sinai;
The daily Tamid offering ceased to be brought;
During the Roman siege of Jerusalem, the city walls were breached, leading to the destruction of the Second Temple on Tisha B'Av;
Prior to Bar Kokhba's revolt, Roman military leader Apostomus burned a Torah scroll;
An idol was erected in the Temple.
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